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Microstructural Analysis

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Metallographic microstructural analysis is usually accomplished with metallurgical reflected light microscopes. A number of common illumination techniques include: brightfield, darkfield, polarized light and differential interferance contrast. Metallographic image analysis software can also provide quantitative analysis.

Microscopes and Analysis

Inverted Microscopes
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Stereo Microscopes
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Image Analysis
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IM-3000 (B.F.) ZMSO745T Stereo MATERIAL PLUS
IM-5000 (B.F., D.F., DIC, polarized light) VM-100 Digital Stereo WELD CHECK
    MICROHARDNESS PRO

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Metallographic Consumables

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Etchant and Competitive Products Database

Metallographic etchant database Metallographic competitive database


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Metallography, Metallurgical Testing, Microstructural Analysis

Metallography or metallographic analysis is the study of a materials microstructure and can be considered an integral branch for metallurgical testing or for the field of materials science. Microstructural analysis of a material's metallographic microstructure aids in determining if the material has been processed correctly and is therefore a critical step for determining products reliability (Quality Control) and/or for determining why a material failed (Metallographic Failure analysis). Metallurgy is primarily the study of metals, however, many of the principles used for testing metals applies to ceramics, plastics, minerals, computer chips and many other applications which may be more unique such as measuring the age of the fish population in a lake by statistically analyzing the thickness of the ear bone.

Metallographic testing and Material Science failure analysis and quality control testing are used in industries that require produce reliability such as:

Metallurgical Testing Industries using Metallographic Analysis

Industries Metallographic Applications
Aerospace
Advanced Materials
Superalloys
Ceramic Matrix Composites
Metal Matrix Composites
Polymer Matrix Composites
Biomedical Devices
Medical Implants
Materials Science Education
Metallurgical Engineering
Mechanical Engineering
Aerospace Engineering
Electronics
Solder Joint analysis
Integrated IC chip failure analysis
Printed Circuit board quality control
Printed Circuit board failure analysis
Dielectric layer coating analysis
Automotive
Heat Treating
Metal Fabrication
Forging
Castings
Thermal Spray
Welding
Powder Metallurgy
Deep Drawing
Fastener Testing
Mining Metallurgical Testing Labs
Grain Size Analysis
ASTM E112
Porosity
ASTM A276
Phase Analysis
ASTM E566
ASTM E1245
Inclusions
ASTM E454
ASTM E1245
Graphite Nodularity
ASTM A247
Coating Thickness
ASTM B487
Decarburization
ASTM E1077
Welding Analysis
HAZ Sensitization
Twin Boundaries
Cracks
Dendrites
Corrosion
Carburizing thickness
Nitriding thickness
Intergranular fracture
Weld sensitization
Flow line stress
Microhardness testing
Rockwell hardness testing
Superficial hardness testing

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IM-3000 Metallographic Microscope (Brightfield)

Medium speed precision wafering saw Click here for brochureClick here to get a quote metallurgical micrscope with brightfield illumination
The IM-3000 inverted metallurgical microscope is a basic bright-field microscope (Part No. IM-3000). The IM-3000 inverted microscope is an excellent choice for a multipurpose economical metallurgical microscope.
Feature Specification
Eyepiece: Wide field WF10X (Field No. 20mm)
Objectives: Infinite Plan Achromatic 4X/0.1
Infinite Plan Achromatic 10X/0.25
Infinite Plan Achromatic 20X/0.4
Infinite Plan Achromatic 40X/0.6
Trinocular head: Inclined 30 degrees, interpupillary distance 48-75 mm
Focusing system: Coaxial coars/fine focus
Nosepiece: Quintuple
Mechanical stage: X-Y mechanical stage
Illumination: 6V/30W Halogen Lamp
Color filters: Grey color filter
Blue color filter
Green color filter
Ground glass
Electrical specification 110V/60 Hz; 220V/50 Hz

Accessories for IM-3000 Metallugrical Microscope

Description Part Number
Digital Camera MD-50T
C-Mount 0.5X adapter for IM-3000 431-703
Objectives (optional): Infinite Plan Achromatic 50X/0.75
Infinite Plan Achromatic 100X/0.90

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IM-5000 Metallographic Microscope (Brightfield, Darkfield, Polarized light, DIC)

metallurgical micrscope with brightfield, darkfield and DIC illumination Click here for brochureClick here to get a quote Metallographic microscope for polishing and etching
The IM-5000 inverted metallurgical microscope (Part No. IM-5000) features bright-field, dark field, polarized light and differential interference contrast (DIC) illumination, binocular eyepiece tubes and two digital camera ports. The IM-5000 inverted microscope is an excellent choice for a multipurpose economical metallurgical microscope.
IM-5000 objectives
Feature Specification
Eyepiece: Wide field WF 10X (field no. 22 mm)
Objectives: PL L5X/0.12 BD (working distance 10 mm)
PL L10X/0.25 BD (working distance 10 mm)
PL L20/0.40 BD (working distance 5 mm)
PL L50X/0.70 BD (working distance 1.3 mm)
PL L100X/0.90 BD (working distance 0.7 mm)
Eyepiece tube: Trinocular, 45 degree inclimation ratio Observation: 80%, photo 20%
Focusing system: Coaxial coars/fine focus (2 micron)
Travel (stage to focal plane) up 1 mm, down 7 mm
Nosepiece: Quintuple
Mechanical stage: X-Y stage Travel range: 1.6x1.6-inches (40 x 40 mm)
Size: 8.9 x 7-inch (226x178 mm)
Illumination: 12V/50W Halogen Lamp
Color filters: Grey color filter
Blue color filter
Green color filter
Ground glass

Accessories for IM-5000 Metallugrical Microscope

Description Part Number
Digital Camera MD-50T
C-Mount 0.5X adapter for IM-5000 431-725
Wide field WF 15X (field no. 16 mm) eyepieces
Wide field WF 20X (field no. 12 mm) eyepieces
431-525
431-535

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Stereo Metallographic Microscope (ZMS0745T)

Stereo microscope Click here for brochureClick here to get a quote Metallographic stereo microscope
The ZMS0745T trinocular stereo microscope (Part No. ZMS0745T) has an optical design for enhancing reproduction and true color imaging of the specimen.

The ZMS0745T stereo microscope has a magnification range of 7X to approximately 45X and is ideal for low magnification documentation of the metallographic specimens prior to polishing and grinding. It is also useful for measuring cracks, weld penetration depth and other topographical features.
Feature Specification
Eyepiece 10X, 15X or 20X
Total magnification 7-45X
Zoom objective magnification 0.7X ~ 4.5X
Trinocular eyetubes Inclined 45 degrees from main body (360 degree rotation)
Diopter adjustment +/- 6 degrees
Interpupillary adjustment 2 ~ 3-inch (52 ~ 76 mm)
Focus range 3-inch (76 mm)
Stage size 5-inch (125 mm)
Part No. ZMS0745T

Accessories for ZMS0745T Metallugrical Microscope

Description Part Number
Eyepieces:
SWH10X/23mm
SWH15X/17mm
SWH20X/14mm

416-101
416-151
416-201
Magnifiers:
0.37X magnifying objective
0.5X magnifying objective
0.7X magnifying objective
1.5X magnifying objective
2X magnifying objective


416-311
416-321
416-331
416-341
416-351

Digial camera MD-50T
0.5X CCD adapter
1X CCD adapter
417-121
417-101
4-Division LED Lightsouce (ML-144D) 413-136
Fiber optic light source (150 W) 413-227
Mechanical stage with X-Y micrometers 419-162

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Digital Stereo Metallographic Microscope (VM-100)

Digital stereo microscopeClick here to get a quote Metallographic stereo microscope
The VM-100 digital stereo microscope (Part No. VM-100) has 0.7X ~ 4.5X electronic magnification with a zoom ratio of 6.5:1. With a built-in SD memory card, high resolution photo and video recordings are easy to obtain (monitor sold separately).
Feature Specification
Electronic Magnification 8X ~ 206 X (16:9, 21.5-inch Monitor)
Optical Objective 0.7 X ~ 4.5X Horizontal zoom lens
Zoom ratio: 6.5:1
0.5X C-mount Camera Adapter
Camera Parameter 2 million pixel (1920 x 1080)
Image size: 1/2.86-inch
Frames per second: 30 fps
Camera Function White balance, brightness control, digital noise reduction
Photograph and video recording
VGS/USB Out put, SD card storage
OSD: Comprehensive digital UI design, Wireless USB 2.0 mouse operation
Cross line
Picture frozen, 10 X digital magnification
Measuring Function Optional PC System and measuring software can measure image in field of view
Interpupillary adjustment 2 ~ 3-inch (52 ~ 76 mm)
Microscope Stand Z-axis Travel: 6-inch (150 mm)
Coarse/fine lifting system
Electrical Parameters 90~240 V; 50~60 Hz
Dimensions (W x D x H) 11.4 x 11 x 15.7 inches
(290 x 280 x 400 mm)
Gross/ Net Weight 15 /10 lbs
(7.0/ 4.7 kg)
Part No. VM-100

Accessories for VM-100 Digital Stereo Metallugrical Microscope

Description Part Number
Fiber optic light source (150 W) 413-227
Mechanical stage with X-Y micrometers 419-162

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MATERIALS PLUS - Metallographic Image Analysis Modules

Our range of Image analysis systems provide a single fully integrated analytical tool for study and documentation of microstructures using fast and automatic image processing techniques. Quantification of phases ( ASTM E566, ASTM 1245 ), inclusions ( ASTM E454 / E1245 ), Grain Size ( ASTM E112 ), Nodularity (ASTM A247), Porosity (ASTM A276), Decarburization (ASTM E1077), and coating thickness (ASTM B487) is achieved by capturing the picture through a high resolution color digital camera interfaced to the camera port of the metallurgical microscope. The image is imported onto a Pentium based PC by a specially designed image acquisition card for preview and storage.

Image Analysis

-Measurement tools: calibration, length, angle, perimeter, width, radius, area, circle, color, counting

Metallographic Tools (examples)

- Particle measurement
- Segmentation
-Grain size(Manual,Manual circle, Manual line, Comparison, Automatic circle, Automatic line, ALA, Selection)
- Decarburization
- Nodularity
- Flake
-Coating thickness(Psuedo-color, Parallel-line, Trace, Selected Coating)
- Inclusion
-Porosity (Porosity,Selected area)

Materials Plus provides a customized report generator or reports can easily be exported to Microsoft Excel (part no. Materials Plus) . Click here to get a quote

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WELD-CHECK Weld Analysis Module

Weld Check software is a powerful, easy-to-use tool that enhances the ability to quickly and efficiently measure critical welding features such as fillet welds, throat, leg lengths and penetration (part no. Weld-Check).
Weld check
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MICROHARDNESS PRO Indent Analysis Module

MICROHARDNESS PRO indentation software is an easy-to-use tool that enhances the ability to quickly and efficiently measure Vickers and Knoop indentions.
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PACE Technologies ® - 3601 E. 34th St., Tucson, AZ 85713, USA
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